Latin name: quercus suber
The cork oak is native to the west Mediterranean and is the most widspeard in Portugal and souther Spain. There are ten such speciments on the Dalmatian islands and southern Istria. Its fruit is the acorn.
The bark of the cork oak yelds connerdial cork. The first bark is stripped after 25 years of growthand because of rougness it is ground and used for the production of sheets of cork. The tree’s bark can be narvested every 6 years and this material is used for making bottle stoppers and other cork items. Owing to its impermeability, cork is very light material and it floats.
„Šuri“-fishing net floats
According to Gianni Toffetti „šuri“ –fishing net floats were made from cork in different sizes and mostly ring-like. In Fažana they were once made by hand by hollowing and snaping a piece of cork that was stripped from the tree in the surroundings of pula and galižana. In order to shape the „šur“, it was inplated and set on five for a short time to becom smooth. The productions was completed after removing the burn black parts with brush.